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Adolf Nichtenhauser Medical Film Materials

 Collection
Identifier: MS C 277

Abstract

Nichtenhauser's major accomplishment is the unpublished "History of Motion Pictures in Medicine." The collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reviews, catalogs, and a variety of printed matter pertaining to technical, historical, educational, and miscellaneous aspects of the medical motion picture.

Dates

  • 1933-1955

Extent

9.66 Linear Feet (24 boxes)

Creator

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Language of Materials

Collection materials primarily in English

Restrictions

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Biographical Note

Adolf Nichtenhauser was born in Vienna, Austria in 1903. After studying psychology, art history, literature, and motion picture production at the Universities of Berlin, Bonn and Heidelberg, he received an M.D. degree in 1931 from the University of Vienna. Even before he began his medical career, he was intrigued by the educational and aesthetic possibilities of film. He frequently reviewed his films, studied their cultural applications, and directed and edited his own documentary on an Austrian labor organization.

Nichtenhauser's work with film continued after his arrival in the United States in 1939, first as an assistant to the director of health education for the National Tuberculosis Association, and later as a consultant to several federal and private agencies. One agency which employed Nichtenhauser as a consultant was the Armed Forces Medical Library (later the National Library of Medicine) for whom Nichtenhauser prepared a plan to collect and preserve medical motion pictures.

Nichtenhauser's major accomplishment is the unpublished "History of Motion Pictures in Medicine." In February, 1947 Capt. Robert V. Schultz (MC) of the U.S. Navy's Audio-Visual Training Section, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, initiated a contract to Nichtenhauser for the production of a monograph on the general status of medical films. The contract was later transferred to the Office of Naval Research and broadened to encompass the history of films in medicine. The Film Library of the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) became the grant administrator, although it was Nichtenhauser who continued to broaden and polish the draft. Efforts to publish the history after Nichtenhauser's death in November, 1953, were unsuccessful.

Collection Summary

Collection consists primarily of Nichtenhauser's correspondence and subject/project files, alphabetically arranged. A large part of the collection consists of topical film lists and reviews used in publishing bibliographies, education/teaching, promotion, advertising.

Nichtenhauser's material is divided into two different numbered collections. MS C 277 contains material from the original donation of 1954. It consists of correspondence, notes and other research materials assembled by Nichtenhauser during the course of his career. The typescript "History of Motion Pictures in Medicine" is found in MS C 380.

The typescript was given to NLM in 1981, while the photographs and a photostat of the typescript were transferred to Robert J.T. Joy, M.D. of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. In 1991 Joy gave to the library the photographs and negatives, completing once more the original Nichtenhauser collection.

Abstract

Nichtenhauser's major accomplishment is the unpublished "History of Motion Pictures in Medicine." The collection contains correspondence, memoranda, reviews, catalogs, and a variety of printed matter pertaining to technical, historical, educational, and miscellaneous aspects of the medical motion picture.

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Custodial History

In 1954 MOMA offered to the National Library of Medicine Dr. Nichtenhauser's research papers, files, and correspondence. Some time after 1979 MOMA transferred to the Naval Health Sciences Education and Training Command Nichtenhauser's typescript history and accompanying photographs and negatives.

Provenance

Gift, Museum of Modern Art, 1954.

General

Processed by
HMD Staff
Processing completed
1991
Encoded by
Dan Jenkins
Title
Finding Aid to the Adolf Nichtenhauser Medical Film Materials, 1933-1955
Status
Unverified Partial Draft
Author
HMD Staff
Date
1991
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latn
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English
Edition statement
Version 2.0

Revision Statements

  • July 2004: PUBLIC "-//National Library of Medicine::History of Medicine Division//TEXT (US::DNLM::MS C 277::Adolf Nichtenhauser Medical Film Materials)//EN" "nichtenhauser277" converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Collecting Area Details

Part of the Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection Collecting Area

Contact:
8600 Rockville Pike
Bldg 38/1E-21, MSC 3819
Bethesda MD 20894 US
1-888-FINDNLM (1-888-346-3656)