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William Shainline Middleton Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS C 206

Abstract

Dr. Middleton was Dean of the University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1935-55; Chief Consultant in medicine to the European Theater of Operations, 1942-45; Special Advisor to the Surgeon General of the Army during the Korean conflict; and, Chief Medical Officer of the Veterans Administration, 1955-63.

Dates

  • 1902-1973

Extent

23.94 Linear Feet (57 MS boxes and case items)

Creator

Abstract

Dr. Middleton was Dean of the University of Wisconsin Medical School, 1935-55; Chief Consultant in medicine to the European Theater of Operations, 1942-45; Special Advisor to the Surgeon General of the Army during the Korean conflict; and, Chief Medical Officer of the Veterans Administration, 1955-63.

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Restrictions

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

NLM does not possess copyright to the collection. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Biographical Note

William Shainline Middleton (1890-1975) was born in Norristown, PA, and earned his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1911. After interning at Philadelphia General Hospital, he joined the University of Wisconsin Medical School in 1912. He became assistant professor on 1915, professor in 1933, and finally serving as Dean of the Medical School from 1935 to 1955.

Middleton served in both World War I and II in the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He served with the American and British Expeditionary Forces during World War I, receiving the Victory Medal and several battle clasps. During World War II, he was Chief Medical Consultant in Medicine for the European Theater of Operations (1942-1945). He received the Distinguished Service Medal and Legion of Merit, among others, for his military service. Finally, he was Special Advisor to the Surgeon General of the Army during the Korean War.

Middleton left the University of Wisconsin in 1955 to become Chief Medical Director of the Veteran's Administration, returning to a connection he first established in 1922 when he served as a tuberculosis specialist for the Veteran's Bureau. He was also a member of the VA Special Medical Advisory Group, established after World War II to advise on the care and treatment of disabled veterans. His contributions to the VA medical program include improved access to rehabilitation services, and mental health and hypertension treatment. He also guided the development of the VA's hospital and clinic research programs. The establishment of long-term patient care was also one of his VA program initiatives. He retired from the VA in 1963.

Dr. Middleton's many professional activities included presidencies of the American College of Physicians, the Central Society for Clinical Research and the American Association for the History of Medicine. He was an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine and the Royal College of Physicians in London.

Collection Summary

Correspondence, memoranda, reports and documents, printed matter, reprints, photos, certificates and diplomas, and clippings. Includes material relating to Dr. Middleton's early years and some genealogical data. Correspondence consists of general, personal, and family files. Among the contents are items pertaining to Dr. Middleton's association with the University of Wisconsin, the National Research Council, the U. S. Army, and the Veterans Administration.

Provenance

Gift of William Middleton, in several accessions, 1968-1975.

General

Processed by
HMD Staff
Encoded by
Dan Jenkins

Language of Materials

Collection materials primarily in English

Title
Finding Aid to the William Shainline Middleton Papers, 1902-1973
Status
Unverified Partial Draft
Author
HMD Staff
Date
2000
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English
Edition statement
Version 1.0

Collecting Area Details

Part of the Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection Collecting Area

Contact:
8600 Rockville Pike
Bldg 38/1E-21, MSC 3819
Bethesda MD 20894 US
(301) 402-8878