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National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Office of the Director. Congressional Inquiries Correspondence

 Collection
Identifier: MS C 557

Abstract

Congressional correspondence regarding various aspects of NIH's research programs, appropriations and policy. Topics range from mundane constituent letters to top-level policy questions from Senate and House members.

Dates

  • 1949-1971

Extent

2.8 Linear Feet (3 boxes)

Creator

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Language of Materials

Collection materials primarily in English

Restrictions

Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

Archives and manuscript collections may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in any collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications for which the National Library of Medicine assumes no responsibility.

Collection Summary

The collection consists of Congressional correspondence regarding various aspects of NIH's research programs, appropriations and policy. Topics covered range from mundane constituent letters asking for money to support hospitalization or treatment, to top-level policy questions from Senate and House members. These letters demonstrate the direct access to upper-level NIH administrators once afforded to both Senators, Congressmen and their constituents, and the general public and how discussions of national research policy were openly discussed.

As letters were received by the central NIH congressional liaison office, secretaries classified them using general topical terms and then forwarded them to the institute responsible for the particular research program. Later, each Institute would have their own communications office. Responses were then generated for individual directors by communications staffers for institute directors.

Collectively these correspondence files represent an underdocumented portion of NIH's early years as it was growing into the world's largest biomedical research organization. Known internally as "pinks," so named after the color of the carbon copies, each letter contains the original request and the NIH response, often with preliminary drafts or other related information attached. Much of NIH's research agenda was driven by interpersonal relationships between Institute Directors and Congressional leaders, as demonstrated by the many requests for statistical and policy information coming directly from Senator's offices, with answers coming from Institute leadership. Moreover, the general public had ready access to these same information resources and received personalized responses to their questions, a relationship that would become impossible to maintain by the late 20th century.

The collection is organized by topic or institute and chronologically therein. Little original organization survived before processing but the original categories given by NIH secretaries are written in pen on the upper portion of the letter. In cases where the original topics were too generalized, more definitive terms were supplied, e.g. 'Information' being refined to 'Grants.' In other cases where a generic term was applied to a group of letters devoted to a more specific topic, the topical term was used, e.g. 'Policy' being refined to 'Animal Experimentation.'

The majority of information requested relates to grants, research information, and diseases, however all three terms were often used interchangeably to group letters. For instance, folders titled Research or Information are usually related to specific disease research programs and progress-to-date, but also can include questions about individual grant application status, how much funding is devoted to research on a specific treatment or disease, or public health and population statistics such as race, numbers of people within the U.S. afflicted, or the costs associated with disease treatment (health services research).

Letters to NIMH, or NIMH-related subjects, are the bulk of the collection. Topics include local and national alcohol and drug addiction programs and children mental health services. Other topics of national interest found throughout the collection include national blood blanking policy, sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, kidney disease, anti-vivisection, and program funding

Abstract

Congressional correspondence regarding various aspects of NIH's research programs, appropriations and policy. Topics range from mundane constituent letters to top-level policy questions from Senate and House members.

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Provenance

Transfer, George Mider (NIH OD). Later found in stacks. Accession #2003-37.

General

Processed by
John P. Rees
Processing Completed
Sept. 2005
Encoded by
John P. Rees
Title
Finding Aid to the National Institutes of Health (U.S.) Office of the Director. Congressional Inquiries Correspondence, 1949-1971
Status
Unverified Partial Draft
Author
John P. Rees
Date
Sept. 2005
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English
Edition statement
1.0

Collecting Area Details

Part of the Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection Collecting Area

Contact:
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