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Proposed ten-year postwar program of the United States Public Health Service

 Collection
Identifier: MS C 204

Abstract

Two copies of the report, with introductory statement, exhibits, and sections.

Dates

  • 1944

Extent

0.42 Linear Feet (1 box)

Creator

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Language of Materials

Collection materials primarily in English

Access Restrictions

No restrictions on access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

The National Library of Medicine believes these materials to be in the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

Privacy Information

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Biographical Note

Thomas Parran, Jr. was born on September 28, 1892 and raised near St. Leonard's, Maryland, on his familys tobacco farm. He attended St. John's College in Annapolis (1911, A.B.; 1915, A.M.). Finances influenced his decision to attend Georgetown (1915, M.D.) and to follow with an internship at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C. A lifelong interest in research was sparked during medical school. He volunteered at a health laboratory operated by the District of Columbia, under Dr. Joseph J. Kinyoun, founder of PHS's Hygienic Laboratory (renamed the National Institute of Health in 1930). He received his Assistant Surgeon's commission in the PHS in 1917.

Parran's first leadership position was as Chief of PHS's Division of Venereal Diseases (September 1926), a program begun during World War One. At Franklin Roosevelt's request, Parran became New York state health commissioner in April, 1930. In 1936 President Roosevelt chose him to succeed Hugh Cummings as Surgeon General. His continued campaign for syphilis control culminated in the National Venereal Disease Control Act of 1938.

In addition to syphilis control, Surgeon General Parran left his mark on the scope and structure of public health, both at home and abroad. In response to wartime expansion and new opportunities for expanded duties, Parran and his deputies rewrote the statutes underlying PHS operations--the Public Health Service Acts of 1943 and 1944--establishing a four-bureau structure that would remain in place through 1967, and deftly arranged for the transfer of wartime research contracts from the Office of Scientific Research and Development, creating an extramural grants program for NIH.

Parran's leadership role in international health affairs dated back to the 1930s with the Rockefeller Foundation and the Pan American Health Organization. Parran chaired the International Health Conference where the World Health Organization (WHO)'s draft constitution was adopted (1946) and led subsequent U.S. delegations. He continued his work in philanthropy and public health until his death on February 16, 1968, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

(excerpted from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/history/bioparran.htm)

Collection Summary

Two copies of the report, with introductory statement, exhibits, separate sections addressing the Surgeon General's Office, the National Institute of Health, the Bureau of Medical Services and the Bureau of State Services, and an appendix.

Abstract

Two copies of the report, with introductory statement, exhibits, and sections.

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine

Provenance

Acquired from Office of the Surgeon General, 1969.

General

Processed by
HMD Staff; Jim Labosier
Encoded by
Jim Labosier
Processing completed
2007
Title
Finding Aid to the Proposed ten-year postwar program of the United States Public Health Service, 1944
Status
Unverified Partial Draft
Author
HMD Staff; Jim Labosier
Date
2007
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English
Edition statement
1.0

Collecting Area Details

Part of the Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection Collecting Area

Contact:
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