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Sloan U.S. Army General Hospital Records

Identifier: MS C 434


Sloan General Hospital was a Union Army hospital, located in Montpelier, Vt. and was in operation between May 1864 and October 1865.


  • 1857-1866


1.2 Linear Feet (3 boxes)


Sloan General Hospital was a Union Army hospital, located in Montpelier, Vt. and was in operation between May 1864 and October 1865.

Physical Location

Materials stored onsite. History of Medicine Division. National Library of Medicine


Collection is not restricted. Contact the Reference Staff for information regarding access.

Copyright and Re-use Information

Donor's copyrights were transferred to the public domain. Archival collections often contain mixed copyrights; while NLM is the owner of the physical items, permission to examine collection materials is not an authorization to publish. These materials are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. It is the user's responsibility to research and understand any applicable copyright and re-publication rights not allowed by fair use. NLM does not grant permissions to publish.

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Historical Note

In the fall of 1863, a site in Montpelier was chosen to erect Vermont's third Civil War hospital. Named after U.S. Army Surgeon William J. Sloan, it had a capacity of 500 in its 25 wards. It operated for 16 months (June 1864-Oct. 1865) and treated approximately 1,670 soldiers. Surgeon Henry Janes, U.S.V. became commander on October 12, 1864, relieving Asst. Surgeon George P. Jaquette. Janes joined the 3rd Vermont in 1861 as the regimental surgeon, and later was given a commission as surgeon of US Volunteers. Following the battle of Gettysburg, Janes was given charge of all the military hospitals in the Gettysburg region - being in charge of some 20,000 wounded soldiers. He then returned to Vermont to take charge of Sloan Hospital.

The hospital was of the pavilion style, in favor with the Surgeon General's office. It's buildings radiated from an octagonal central space, around the whole of which was a covered platform or pathway connecting the whole. The buildings were of wood, lathed and plastered, clap-boarded, shingled and double floored. By December, 1864, there would be 421 patients in this hospital.

Collection Summary

Two order books, hospital reports, vouchers, receipts and correspondence document the hospital's activities between May 1864 and October 1865.


The collection was acquired in September 1986 from Printer's Devil.


Processed by
Karen Pitts and Peter B. Hirtle
Processing completed in
Encoded by
Dan Jenkins

Language of Materials

Collection materials primarily in English

Finding Aid to the Sloan U.S. Army General Hospital Records, 1857-1866
Unverified Partial Draft
Karen Pitts and Peter B. Hirtle
1986; 2000
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English
Edition statement
Version 1.0

Collecting Area Details

Part of the Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection Collecting Area

8600 Rockville Pike
Bldg 38/1E-21, MSC 3819
Bethesda MD 20894 US
(301) 402-8878